Root Servers


Verisign, Inc.
Sites: 5
Frankfurt, DE Hong Kong, HK London, UK Los Angeles, US New York, US
IPv4: 198.41.0.4
IPv6: 2001:503:BA3E::2:30
19836
A Root YAML
Information Sciences Institute
Sites: 1
Earth
IPv4: 192.228.79.201
IPv6: 2001:478:65::53
B Root YAML
Cogent Communications
Sites: 8
Bratislava, SK Chicago, US Frankfurt, DE Herndon, US Los Angeles, US Madrid, ES New York, US Paris, FR
IPv4: 192.33.4.12
IPv6: 2001:500:2::C
2149
C Root YAML
University of Maryland
Sites: 117
Ashburn, US Atlanta, USA Auckland, New Zealand Blantyre, Malawi Boston, USA Buenos Aires, Argentina Burbank, USA Cairo, Egypt Calgary, Canada Cape Town, South Africa Chicago, USA College Park, US Cordoba, Argentina Dhaka, Bangladesh Dubai, UAE Dublin, Ireland Frankfurt, Germany Hong Kong, China Istanbul, Turkey Jacksonville, USA Jakarta, Indonesia Johannesburg, South Africa Kathmandu, Nepal Kingston, Jamaica Klagenfurt, Austria La Paz, Bolivia London, United Kingdom Los Angeles, USA Lyon, France Manila, Philippines McLean, USA Miami, USA Montreal, Canada Munich, Germany New York, US Ottawa, Canada Palo Alto, US Perth, Australia Portland, USA Prague, Czech Republic Roseau, Dominica San Francisco, USA San Jose, Costa Rica Seattle, USA Seoul, Korea Singapore, Singapore Sofia, Bulgaria St. George's, Grenada Sydney, Australia Tallinn, Estonia Tampere, Finland Tokyo, Japan Toronto, Canada Turin, Italy Vienna, Austria Warsaw, Poland Wellington, New Zealand Winnipeg, Canada
IPv4: 199.7.91.13
IPv6: 2001:500:2D::D
27
D Root YAML
NASA Ames Research Center
Sites: 12
Atlanta, US Brussels, BE Cape Town, ZA Chicago, US London, UK Los Angeles, US Mountain View, US New York, US San Paulo, BR Seattle, US Sydney, AU Tokyo, JP
IPv4: 192.203.230.10
297
E Root YAML
Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
Sites: 57
Amsterdam, NL Atlanta, US Auckland, NZ Barcelona, ES Beijing, CN Brisbane, AU Buenos Aires, AR Cairo, EG Caracas, VE Chennai, IN Chicago, US Dar es Salaam, TZ Dhaka, BD Dubai, AE Frankfurt, DE Hong Kong, HK Jakarta, ID Johannesburg, ZA Karachi, PK Kuala Lumpur, MY Kyiv, UA Lagos, NG Lisbon, PT London, UK Los Angeles, US Madrid, ES Monterrey, MX Moscow, RU Nairobi, KE New York, US Osaka, JP Oslo, NO Ottawa, Canada Palo Alto, US Panama City, PA Paris, FR Phnom Penh, KH Podgorica, ME Port au Prince, HT Prague, CZ Quito, EC Rome, IT San Jose, CR San Jose, US Santiago de Chile, CL Sao Paulo, BR Seoul, KR Singapore, SG St. Maarten, AN Suva, Fiji Taipei, TW Tel Aviv, IL Torino, IT Toronto, CA Ulan Bator, MN Warsaw, PL
IPv4: 192.5.5.241
IPv6: 2001:500:2f::f
3557
F Root YAML
U.S. DOD Network Information Center
Sites: 6
Columbus, US Fussa, JP Honolulu, US Naples, IT San Antonio, US Stuttgart-Vaihingen, DE
IPv4: 192.112.36.4
5927
G Root YAML
U.S. Army Research Lab
Sites: 2
Aberdeen Proving Ground, US San Diego, US
IPv4: 128.63.2.53
IPv6: 2001:500:1::803f:235
13
H Root YAML
Netnod (formerly Autonomica)
Sites: 41
Amsterdam, NL Ankara, TR Bangkok, TH Beijing, CN Brussels, BE Bucharest, RO Chicago, US Colombo, LK Doha, QA Frankfurt, DE Geneva, CH Helsinki, FI Hong Kong, HK Jakarta, ID Johannesburg, ZA Karachi, PK Kiev, UA Kuala Lumpur, MY London, UK Lulea, SE Manama, BH Manila, PH Miami, US Milan, IT Mumbai, IN Oslo, NO Palo Alto, US Paris, FR Perth, AU Porto Alegre, BR Singapore, SG Stockholm, SE Taipei, TW Tallinn, EE Thimphu, BT Tokyo, JP Ulaanbaatar, MN Vienna, AT Washington, US Wellington, NZ Yerevan, AM
IPv4: 192.36.148.17
IPv6: 2001:7fe::53
29216
I Root YAML
Verisign, Inc.
Sites: 74
Amsterdam, NL Ashburn, US Atlanta, US Barcelona, ES Beijing, CN Brasilia, BR Brussels, BE Bucharest, RO Buenos Aires, AR Cairo, EG Cape Town, ZA Chicago, US Dakar, SN Dallas, US Denver, US Dhaka, BD Dublin, IE Dulles, US Frankfurt, DE Fribourg, CH Guam, US Helsinki, FI Hong Kong, HK Honolulu, US Kaunas, LT Kuala Lumpur, MY Lisbon, PT Ljubljana, SI Luxembourg City, LU Lyon, FR Madrid, ES Manila, PH Melbourne, AU Miami, US Milan, IT Montreal, CA Moscow, RU Mumbai, IN Nairobi, KE New Castle, US New York, US Oslo, NO Palo Alto, US Paris, FR Perth, AU Prague, CZ Reykjavik, IS Riga, LV Rome, IT San Jose, US San Jose, CR San Juan, PR Seattle, US Seoul, KR Singapore, SG Sofia, BG Stockholm, SE Sydney, AU Taipei, TW Tallinn, EE Tokyo, JP Toronto, CA Turin, IT Vancouver, CA Warsaw, PL Wellington, NZ Willemstad, CW Zagreb, HR
IPv4: 192.58.128.30
IPv6: 2001:503:C27::2:30
26415
J Root YAML
Sites: 17
Abu Dhabi, AE Amsterdam, NL Athens, GR Brisbane, AU Budapest, HU Delhi, IN Doha, QA Frankfurt, DE Geneva, CH Helsinki, FI London, UK Miami, US Milan, IT Novosibirsk, RU Poznan, PL Reykjavik, IS Tokyo, JP
IPv4: 193.0.14.129
IPv6: 2001:7fd::1
25152
K Root YAML
Sites: 156
Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire Agana, Guam Al Muharraq, Bahrain Anchorage, United States Ankara, Turkey Atlanta, United States Baku, Azerbaijan Beijing, China Beirut, Lebanon Belem, Brazil Belgrade, Serbia Belo Horizonte, Brazil Berlin, Germany Bogota, Colombia Boston, United States Bouake, Cote d'Ivoire Brasilia, Brazil Brisbane, Australia Brussels, Belgium Burbank, United States Cairo, Egypt Callao, Peru Campinas, Brazil Cape Town, South Africa Changi, Singapore Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong Chicago, United States Christchurch, New Zealand Copenhagen, Denmark Culpeper, United States Curitiba, Brazil Dakar, Senegal Dammam, Saudi Arabia Denver, United States Dhaka, Bangladesh Dortmund, Germany Dubai, United Arab Emirates Dublin, Ireland Dundee, United Kingdom Dusseldorf, Germany El Prat de Llobregat, Spain El Segundo, United States Ezeiza, Argentina Florianopolis, Brazil Fortaleza, Brazil Frankfurt, Germany Geneva, Switzerland Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands Hamburg / Fuhlsbuttel, Germany Heraklion, Greece Honiara, Solomon Islands Honolulu, United States Istanbul, Turkey Jacksonville, United States Jakarta, Indonesia Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Johannesburg, South Africa Kathmandu, Nepal Kharkiv, Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine Langebaanweg, South Africa Leeds / Bradford, United Kingdom Londrina, Brazil Los Angeles, United States Lyon, France Malmo, Sweden Mangere, New Zealand Marseille, France Mascot, Australia Melbourne, Australia Metro Manila, Philippines Miami, United States Mississauga, Canada Monterrey, Mexico Montevideo, Uruguay Moscow, Russia Munich, Germany Muscat, Oman Nadi, Fiji Narita, Japan Natal, Brazil New York City, United States Noumea, New Caledonia Odessa, Ukraine Ottawa, Canada Palo Alto, United States Papeete, French Polynesia Paris, France Paris-Orly, France Perth, Australia Philadelphia, United States Phoenix, United States Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea Porto, Portugal Porto Alegre, Brazil Punta Caucedo, Dominican Republic Quito, Ecuador Reston, United States Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Rostov-on-Don, Russia Ruzyne, Czech Republic Saginaw Bay, United States Salvador, Brazil San Jose, United States San Jose, Costa Rica San Juan, Puerto Rico San Salvador, El Salvador Sana'a, Yemen Santa Ana, United States Santiago, Chile Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil Sao Paulo, Brazil SeaTac, United States Semey, Kazakhstan Seoul, South Korea Sofia, Bulgaria St Denis, France St. George's, Grenada Stockholm, Sweden Suva / Nausori, Fiji Tallinn, Estonia Tampere / Pirkkala, Finland Tokyo, Japan Toronto, Canada Tunis / Carthage, Tunisia Turin, Italy Uberlandia, Brazil Ullensaker, Norway Vancouver, Canada Vienna, Austria Warsaw, Poland Washington, United States Wellington, New Zealand Yekaterinburg, Russia Yerevan, Armenia Zurich, Switzerland
IPv4: 199.7.83.42
IPv6: 2001:500:3::42
20144
L Root YAML
WIDE Project
Sites: 7
Osaka, JP Paris, FR San Francisco, US Seoul, KR Tokyo, JP
IPv4: 202.12.27.33
IPv6: 2001:dc3::35
7500
M Root YAML

Legend

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